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Tiếng Anh Lớp 8

ViOlympic Tiếng Anh Lớp 8

Đề Thi ViOlympic Tiếng Anh Lớp 8 Vòng 9

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Lesson 0.1 Objective Words (Level 8A)

perjury['pur-juh-ree] noun - the willful giving of false testimony under oath or affirmation, before a competent tribunal, upon a point material to a legal inquiry. When the witness lied in court she was accused of perjury. The judge told her that if she did not tell the truth that she could face serious jail time.
salvo['sal-voh] noun - a simultaneous or successive discharge of artillery, bombs, etc. Robert fired a salvo of arrows at his target, but upon closer inspection he found that he had not hit it once. After three months of archery lessons he had not gotten better at all.
flagrant['fley-gruhnt] adj - shockingly noticeable or evident; obvious; glaring. When Dominic ran a stop sign, her daughter pointed out that she had committed a flagrant violation of a traffic law. Such disregard would eventually land her a ticket for a couple hundred dollars.
paradox['par-uh-doks] noun - a statement or proposition that seems self-contradictory or absurd but in reality expresses a possible truth. Living in a materialist culture, Devon learned the difficult paradox that the more things he bought, the emptier he felt. Surrounding himself with beautiful objects did not fill him with joy.
foremost['fawr-mohst] adj - first in place, order, rank. The foremost scholar on Shakespeare is to give a lecture at the George R. Brown Convention Center in late spring. His brilliant previous articles have won him universal praise from his peers.
eminent['em-uh-nuhnt] adj - high in station, rank, or repute; prominent; distinguished. Dr. Jonas is an eminent member of the scientific community. His numerous awards attest to his sustained excellence in a highly competitive field.
detest[dih-'test] verb - to feel abhorrence of; hate; dislike intensely. There is nothing more that Jeffrey detests than getting a phone call from a telemarketer during dinner. Although he tries to maintain a sunny disposition, sometimes he gets so angry he yells at them.
amiss[uh-'mis] adj - out of the right or proper course, order, or condition; improperly; wrongly; astray. Something was amiss about the murder that took place in the Sherlock Holmes book that Angela was reading. She could not put her finger on it but knew she would understand by the end.
fluster['fluhs-ter] noun - nervous excitement or confusion. The joke Dylan made in class was directed at Bartholomew. Dylan tried to apologize later, but Bartholomew was already in a fluster and would not talk to him.

1. Most school children know Thomas Jefferson as a founding father of the United States. Like many men of that time though, he had many and varied interests. He is credited as the inventor of the swivel chair, was a colonel in the military, and had progressive views on slavery. He was ___________ in early American politics, because he was such a renaissance man and was a well-rounded intellectual.
A.  flagrant
B.  insignificant
C.  ordinary
D.  eminent

2. The halftime lead of twenty that the basketball team took with them to the locker room had dwindled to two by the middle of the fourth quarter. The team became frustrated and took their aggression out on the opposing team. A few ___________ fouls cost them the game, and their coach had a long talk about maturity and poise with them afterwards. It was a learning experience that they would have to put behind them.
A.  concealed
B.  foremost
C.  secret
D.  flagrant

3. Alfred was reading his book on ancient civilizations when he stumbled across something that truly fascinated him. An ancient Greek philosopher, named Zeno, stated a ____________ that given a head-start in a race, he could defeat a faster runner no matter how slowly he himself went. The idea is that you are always approaching an object without reaching it. There is always a halfway point between you and wherever you are going, so an initial head-start guarantees that that person will win the race.
A.  perjury
B.  fluster
C.  paradox
D.  salvo

4. Jessica had an incredibly busy day ahead of her and needed to prioritize to ensure she would get it all done. First and _____________, she had to go to the grocery store so she could make dinner that night. Then she would pick up her son from daycare and take him to a barber for a haircut. After that, she would replace her broken phone, and then head home to start cooking. The headaches of a mother are never over.
A.  foremost
B.  flagrant
C.  eminent
D.  inferior

5. Everyone in David’s math class was scheduled to take the SAT the coming Saturday. When test day came, only a few students had done any __________ study. The results were disastrous. Only a few students scored as well as they wanted. The rest had to scramble to sign up for the next test date and began studying as much as possible. David started a study group that met on Tuesdays and Thursdays devoted solely to the math portion. They stayed up late to ensure they did well on the next one.
A.  prior
B.  eminent
C.  amiss
D.  foremost

6. The day after Christmas is shopping madness. Everyone is out returning and exchanging gifts. They are also shopping, because of the steep discounts stores give. Stores get in a ____________ with all the commotion of shoppers lining the aisles. Penelope had a fear of large crowds, and she tried to always avoid shopping on that day when possible.
A.  paradox
B.  fluster
C.  comfort
D.  salvo

7. The Dalai Lama often speaks on the subject of kindness and happiness. As a spiritual leader of a pacifist tradition, he thinks kindness plays a central role in achieving happiness. To ____________ something is to allow it enough influence over you to control how you respond to it. Buddhism is similar to stoicism in that both believe it is important to control what you can and realize that is not much.
A.  adore
B.  detest
C.  fluster
D.  respect

8. Deborah got a sick feeling in her stomach when she went home and saw her front door wide open. She checked the house and found nothing missing. Still, something was ___________ and she could not put her finger on it. When she went to the pool area in her backyard, she found her son lounging in the pool. He was back from college for winter break and had forgotten to close the door behind him when he brought his luggage in.
A.  eminent
B.  amiss
C.  foremost
D.  paradox

9. Action films shot in the 1990s are notorious for being unrealistic. The hero usually has to defeat thirty opponents who are all armed with machine guns. They fire a ___________ of bullets, none of which hit him, and he is able to pick them off one-by-one without breaking a sweat. People found them so unbelievable and poorly made, that they enjoyed them for being bad, and the films still have a strong following even today.
A.  salvo
B.  perjury
C.  meteor
D.  paradox

10. The murderer convinced his friend to be his alibi and lie for him when the cops asked his whereabouts the night of the crime. At first, the cops were thrown off the trail, but once they found enough evidence, they arrested the murderer and charged his friend with ____________. Both went to prison and had plenty of time to think about what they had done.
A.  honesty
B.  perjury
C.  frankness
D.  fluster

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