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Vietnamese Olympiad of English - Grade 7
Choose the best answer for the following questions.
Lesson 0.2 Objective Words (Level 7A)
['kazh-oo-uhl-tee] noun - one who is injured or killed in an accident or war.
Battles in the Civil War were grueling and fierce; casualties on the Union side surpassed the Confederate side, but the North had many more soldiers and so was able to replace men at a faster rate.
[greev] verb - to distress mentally; cause to feel sorrow.
While Jennifer was having her morning coffee she received the news that her mother had just passed away. She grieved while her friend tried to console her.
[in-'tim-i-deyt] verb - to make timid; fill with fear.
Before workers were allowed for form unions, companies frequently intimidated them by limiting their job security. They were afraid to complain, because they could lose their position.
[pa-'stel] noun - a color having a soft, subdued shade; a kind of dried paste made of pigments ground with chalk and compounded with gum water; the art of drawing with such crayons.
Valerie picked a pastel-colored dress to the party, because she did not want to stand out. Parties made her nervous and the less attention she received the better.
[in-'skrahyb] verb - to mark (a surface) with words, characters, etc., esp. in a durable or conspicuous way.
When John returned to the family farm at age fifty, he found the tree where he had inscribed his decree of love for Marylou with a penknife. He was amazed it had lasted all those years.
['tem-per-uh-muhnt] noun - the combination of mental, physical, and emotional traits of a person; natural predisposition.
The Ancient Greeks thought a person’s temperament was caused by an imbalance in one of the four bodily humors. Melancholy, it was thought, was caused by too much black bile.
['skuhlp-ter] noun - a person who practices the art of sculpture.
Ethan’s newest sculpture was his best to date. He became a sculptor of clay, because he loved the way the material felt in his hands.
[kuhn-'vik-shuhn] noun - a fixed or firm belief.
The priest’s unfailing conviction that his faith could get him through any tribulation comforted him at night. There was no obstacle too large for him to overcome.
Have you heard of Maya Lin? From an early age she excelled in mathematics. Never dated nor wore make-up, Lin took college level courses while in high school. She found it enjoyable to be constantly thinking and solving problems, which eventually led her toward a successful career in architecture.
Honoring Our Forgotten Heroes
Architect and ____
____ Maya Lin stands only 5 feet 3 inches tall. But when it comes to monument-making, Lin is a giant among designers. Lin has built some of the most famous monuments in the United States. She designed the Civil Rights Memorial and the Vietnam Veterans Memorial.
Lin’s simple designs are not overwhelming. Like her, they do not tower over people or ____
____ them. Instead, they make people pause and reflect. They also draw out emotions.
Sometimes, Lin’s designs go even further. The Vietnam Memorial, her greatest work, moved an entire country from anger and confusion about a war to tears. But most importantly, the memorial helped the country remember and honor its forgotten heroes. It also helped the country overcome its grief.
Lin was a Yale University senior when she won an open competition to design the national Vietnam Veterans Memorial. It was to be located at the Constitutional Gardens in Washington, D.C. She beat out 1,420 other entrants in the much publicized design competition.
Her winning entry was a series of ____
____ sketches. It took two weeks to draw after months of study. She walked around the Mall and Constitution Gardens, and studied every detail.
Lin designed two black granite walls joined at the center in a 130-degree angle. The names of the known 58,175 soldiers who died in the war would be ____
____ in the wall.
Lin knew that the relatives of the dead soldiers had gone through a difficult time. How were all these people going to overcome the pain of losing someone? How do you really overcome death? Lin asked herself. That’s when she decided to include the names of the men and women who had died. She knew that all Americans should never forget the war.
“If you just keep pretending that nothing happened [in Vietnam],” she said, “if you didn’t really accept that death or time or trouble, then you’d never get over it. The only way you can work with history and the only way you can overcome anything is to accept it very, very honestly.”
A Controversial Design
In the spring of 1981, Lin’s design was introduced to the public. Immediately, the design sparked a controversy that threatened its very existence.
Many people did not like “The Wall,” as it became known among Vietnam veterans. Despite the controversy, Lin stood by her design. So did Jan Scruggs. He was the Vietnam veteran whose lobbying efforts brought the memorial into being. He had this to say about Lin: “She has an artistic ____
____, and she really stood by her guns to make sure that this memorial design was not tampered with. And it was very important that she did that, because throughout the entire controversy that surrounded the memorial, she really believed in this design. She really knew it was going to work. . . . The strength of her own ____
____ carried us through quite a few conflicts.”
Turning Anger into Grief
The Wall was finally built. Overnight, public attitude changed. Suddenly, the nation had a memorial it could see and touch. Suddenly, all the known ____
____ of the war were there, together, in one special place, facing us. They were gone—but not forgotten. The memorial forced Americans to deal with the pent-up emotions about the war. It eased anger. But most of all, it invited everyone to ____
____ for the fallen heroes.
People came to the memorial to see the names of their fallen loved ones. Some even scratched the names onto pieces of paper to take home with them. This activity has now turned into a national tradition. Today, the Wall is the most visited memorial in the United States.
Which sentence best tells why it was surprising that Maya Lin won the competition to design the national Vietnam Veterans Memorial?
She was an architect and sculptor.
She stands only 5 feet 3 inches tall.
She was a young college student.
She spent months working on her design.
The Vietnam Veterans Memorial is described in the selection. What is considered the most noteworthy thing about it?
The names on it
The material used to build it
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